Gurney, Joseph John

(1788–1847)
   Missionary, Philanthropist and Sect Founder.
   Gurney was born in Norwich and was the brother of the prison reformer Elizabeth fry. At the age of thirty he became a minister in the Society of Friends. Between 1837 and 1840, he went on a missionary journey around the United States of America and the West Indies. This was just after the period of the Second Great Awakening. The Friends had been divided by a movement led by Elias hicks. Gurney encouraged the new revivalist pattern; his followers, known as Gurneyites, adopted the more usual Protestant services of regular preaching and celebration of the Sacraments. He also campaigned for the abolition of the slave trade and wrote for the temperance movement.
   E. Isichei, Victorian Quakers (1970).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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